KARACHI: While opening his eyes in the British regime, Syed Adeebul Hassan Rizvi was born on September 11, 1938 in a middle-class, landowning Muslim family in Kalanpur, a small village which is about ten kilometres far from the city of Jaunpur in Uttar Pradesh, British India. He was the youngest child in the family among nine children including six brother and three sisters.
Mr Adeebul Hassan Rizvi received his early education from the government school in the village however he completed his intermediate from the Government DJ Science College after migrating to Pakistan. He was an outstanding and brilliant student in his studies.
The word ‘humanity’ hit his mind and inspired Dr Adeebul Hassan since childhood as his father had drawn a rule that there should not be any kind of discrimination between the children of his Hindu peasants, who used to work for Rizvi’s land, and (the Rizvi children). The peasants used to share Rizvi family house.
After independence in 1947, Dr Adeeb’s family migrated to Pakistan’s Karachi city where he continued his education. He completed his MBBS from the Dow Medical College in 1961. After finishing his graduation, he flown to the United Kingdom to pursue higher studies. In the UK while appearing in a job-interview, he met Dr Poole-Wilson, a neurologist who introduced him to this specialty and became his mentor. This is how Dr Rizvi remembers the interview: “What have you come here for?” Dr Poole-Wilson asked. “I have come to do my fellowship in surgery.”
“What will you do after that?” asked the doctor. “I will go back.” “Why do you want to go back?” asked the doctor. “Sir, I am needed there.” “Are you sure you will go back?” “Yes.” “But suppose there are a lot of opportunities here,” said the doctor. “There will be other people to fill the vacancies here,” replied Rizvi. At this, says Rizvi, Dr Poole-Wilson “developed a liking for me.”
In those days, most Pakistani doctors who went to England stayed on in England, so his reply “was something.” In those days most people returned from UK with cars but guess what Dr Rizvi returned with a container full of medical equipment. It was in UK that he came across the National Health Service and he decided to try that idea at home. In 1970, Dr Rizvi set up an eight-bed urology ward at the Civil Hospital. “I was at the right time with the right people.” With a devoted and selfless team at his disposal, Dr Rizvi began testing his idea. “I remember many arguing with me that I should screen patients if they could afford to pay and that they should be asked to pay at least a portion of the treatment. I was totally against the idea of screening patients.” According to Dr Rizvi, it was humiliating for a person to be asked questions about his means while he was waiting for his treatment.
This eight bed ward gradually started expanding clinically and physically and in 1991 gained the status of an institute. In 2005 SIUT Trust was created as a charitable trust for the benefit of the public aiming to provide medical facilities and financial assistance to those who are at the end stage of renal ailments. Today SIUT enjoys the reputation of a “Centre of Excellence” and an institution known for high standards of professional ethics, outstanding medical facilities and a team of dedicated and motivated medical professionals whose zest and zeal is unparalleled.
With 500 beds and facilities spread over 400,000 sq. ft. at its Karachi hospital, SIUT is regionally one of the most well equipped centres for renal diseases and transplantation. SIUT carried out its first kidney transplant in November 1985; to date it has conducted 3,600 kidney transplants. In 2003, Dr Rizvi led a team of SIUT surgeons that performed the first successful liver transplant on an infant in Pakistan.
Dr Rizvi is also the president of the Transplant Society of Pakistan. What drives Dr Rizvi? Is it religion? He himself says that he is not a religious person and that he rarely prays. He prefers to be described as a humanitarian because he believes that religion, in the end, is all about humanitarianism. “To be a member of any religion, one has to be a human being first. I was born into a Muslim family and I’m proud of my heritage. But at the same time I would be proud if I were practicing the basic norms of humanity which are part of any religion. I don’t think I should discriminate from man to man because of his colour, cause, or religious belief.” If one discriminates, he says, one is not carrying out one’s obligation as a Muslim, a Hindu, a Jew, or a Christian.
While he regrets the acute poverty that most of our population lives in, Dr Rizvi considers the “disfranchised” people of Pakistan as “the most caring and generous people in the world”. These are great words from a great man, but it’s only for the people to decide whether it is them who are most caring and generous or the Doctor himself.
Today, the SIUT has many satellite centres in various cities that “reach out to the population to provide free medical care at their doorstep”, he claims, a dream of his that many once considered out of reach. Dr Adibul Hasan Rizvi confesses that he had never planned all this in life. “Not at all”, he emphasises.
Before he graduated in 1961, he came across the Democratic Student Federation which he found most relevant to promote the views that he had fostered. “They believed in human rights, that every human being is equal, and that education, health and employment is the birth right of every human being,” says Dr Rizvi.
Dr Adeebul Hassan’s wife Dr Hajra Rizvi died after brief illness in 2011. She died after brief illness and left behind a son and a daughter.
Dr. Syed Adeebul Hassan Rizvi is a very well regarded Renal Surgeon and has a number of certifications under his belt, including MBBS, FCPS (Urology), FRCS (Ed.), FRCP and PhD as well as 44 years of experience in his field. He is capable of providing a diverse array of treatments and services including Cadaver donor nephrectomy, Erectile Dysfunction, Pyelo and ureterolithotomy, Radical prostatectomy, Renal transplant nephrectomy, Renal transplantation, Transurethral resection of bladder tumor, Transurethral resection of prostate, Ureteroscopy and diagnostic and therapeutic.
Hemu Kalani – A true martyr of Sindh
KARACHI: Sindh has always been blessed with thousands of heroic characters at the time of independence and the sons of soil preferred death for the sake of safety and security of their motherland. One such heroic character is Hemu Kalami.
Hemu Kalani son of Pesumal Kalani and Jethi Bai was born in a Jain family of Sukkur, Sindh on March 23, 1923. His father Pesumal was a doctor by profession. Hemu completed his initial education from Tilak High School, Sukkur from where he passed his matriculation in 1942. Hemu was a nationalist since early age.
Hemu Kalani was greatly admired by the struggle and engagements of his uncle late Dr Mangh Ram Kalani who was a prominent congress leader. Hemu became member of ‘Swaraj Sena’ (a student organization) which was affiliated with the All-India Students Federation (AISF).
As a young boy, Hemu Kalani led the youth of his town and campaigned for boycott of foreign good and convinced people to use Swadeshi goods. Later, he started revolutionary activities and took part in protests aimed at kicking out the British. He started joining political gatherings, demonstrations, strikes, raising slogan of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ and ‘Bharat Mata Ki Jai’.
In October 1942, the revolutionary group Swaraj Sena received secret information that a train was carrying weapons that would be used against freedom fighters in Sindh. Hemu and his friends decided not to allow/derail the train near Sukkur however, according to historians, Hemu was held by the British.
Later, the British authorities subjected Hemu Kalani to third degree torture to reveal names of his other companions but he never opened up his mouth and bravely bore the torture. He took the blame upon himself citing what he did was justified in retaliation what British were doing in crushing the freedom struggle with arms and ammunitions.
Sindh was under Martial Law and Hemu Kalani’s case was referred to Martial Law Court at Hyderabad/Sukkur where he was sentenced life imprisonment for treason against the British Empire.
Hemu’s lawyer Sattar Pirzada made an offer to Kalani’s uncle Dr Manga Ram “If Hemu could sign a written apology, the British would relax his death and he simply refused”. The people of Sindh filed a petition before Viceroy for Hemu Kalani’s mercy however the condition of mercy was to tell names of other co-conspirators which he refused to shared. Hence, Hemu Kalani was hanged on January 21, 1943.
Jalal Chandio – King of Yaktara, Chapri, Sindhi music
KARACHI: There are only few people especially those associated with the music industry who became so famous that their posters, art and songs are played even after their death. Jalal Chandio, king of yaktara, chapri (musical instruments) is one of them who is still alive in the hearts and minds of people of Pakistan particularly Sindh.
Jalal Chandio son of Haji Faiz Muhammad Chandio was born in 1944 in a small village namely Phul, Moro, district Naushehro Feroz. His father owned a cattle farm and wanted his son Jalal to get education.
With no interest towards education, Jalal Chandio was sent to New Jatoi (Nawan Jatoi), the hometown of former premier Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi, to learn tailoring. However, he quit tailoring and started shepherding his cattle and croons.
With his interest in singing, Jalal’s parents sent him to Ghotki district to learn music under the supervision of Ustad Ali Gul Mahar where he learnt basics of music and started performing at shrines of various Sufis of the area. He had a loud voice which needed no loudspeakers to perform while his unique style of playing Yaktara and Chapri was liked very much.
Jalal Chandio also introduced the trend of Farmaish, a unique style of pronouncing names of his listeners in his singing that also gained too much fame.
In 1970, a private company – Paras Audio Cassette – released his first cassette album which included his song هل نه مٺو ايڏي لوڏ ڪري . The song gained popularity and made him singer of the Sindh province. After that he also made his entry in Radio Pakistan and Television and started performing live in the shows.
Before Jalal Chandio, the population of rural areas used to listen to Indian old songs and Pakistani Punjabi songs however Jalal Chandio’s songs replaced the music and made his way to almost every house, tractors and trucks. The love of his listeners reached at the extreme level that his posters could be seen on trucks and tractors till today.
In 1985, a famous film producer Shah Asad made a film – Jalal Chandio – on life of Mr Jalal Chandio in which he played a leading role. The film touched the highest peak of popularity and earned extraordinary revenue boosting Sindhi film industry.
Mr Jalal Chandio also influenced many singers following his unique style of singing that included Rubina Hyderi, Taj Mastani. He also has a number of music students (shagirds) in Siraiki districts of Punjab and Balochistan districts. He had released thousands of audio cassettes in his life.
Being the spiritual follower of Mahdi Shah, Jalal Chandio performed on Urs of almost all the Sufi saints including Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, Sachal Sarmat etc. He received many awards among which the prominent was Latif Award from Sindh’s culture department. Jalal Chadio died on January 10, 2001 following kidney failure. He is buried in his native town Phul, Naushehro Feroz.
Hoshu Sheedi – ‘Marsoon, Marsoon Sindh Na Deson
KARACHI: Pakistan has been blessed with hundreds of brave people who sacrificed their precious lives to ensure safety of the motherland. One such character is General Hosh Muhammad Sheedi commonly known as Hoshu Sheedi who raised the world-famous slogan and laid down his life while fighting with British.
The people of Sindh attaches emotional attachment with General Hosh Muhammad Sheedi Qambrani who chanted slogan ‘Marsoon, Marsoon Sindh Na Deson’ [We would die before giving up Sindh].
Even these days, if anyone talks against division of Sindh, the people get emotionally charged and become ready for any kind of sacrifice for their motherland.
Hosh Muhammad was born in 1801. He belonged to Sheedi family of African-origin while his father was an employee at the house of then ruler of Sindh – Mir Fateh Mohammad Talpur -. Before joining the army, Hosho also worked at the residence of Talpurs.
General Hosh Muhammad Sheedi, then, made supreme commander of Sindh’s Talpur army led by Mir Sher Muhammad Khan Talpur.
As the British army conquered the Khairpur Mirs fort, a number of people wanted to surrender before the British ruler however Hosh Muhammad Sheedi was the only one who refused to do and decided to fight.
With smaller number of troops, Hoshu Sheedi vigorously fought with the British army with bravery during Talpur rule in Sindh in the battle of Miyani or Dubbo in 1843. In between the fighting, Hoshu Sheedi said that “Marsoon, Marsoon Sindh Na Deson” “Even though we will die but we won’t give you Sindh”. Hosho lost his life while fighting for Sindh on March 24, 1843.
British commanding offier Sir Charles James Napier was inspired by the bravery and his love for his motherland and buried him with full military honours in Dubee near Tando Jam Road, Hyderabad, Pakistan. Hosho is considered a Sindhi hero. The historical mausoleum of Hosho Sheedi is located in Dubee, a small village which is some 10 kilometers far from Hyderabad. The purpose of the mausoleum is to pay tribute to the war martyrs and it was declared as heritage site by the Sindh government.
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